What would be the citizenship status of a child born in India to an Indian father and Pakistani mother? My understanding is that he/she will remain both: an Indian and Pakistani until 18/21 years of age.
Will Pakistani citizenship be automatically renounced when an Indian passport is obtained and vice versa?
What happens when the Indian or Pakistani parent switches nationality? Will the child still have the option of choosing at 18/21?
How will the child travel between the two countries? Will he be able to obtain ID documents (besides a passport) for both countries?
If the child remains a dual citizen until 18/21, which of the two's passport is easier to obtain once the other's has been initially chosen?
EDIT: It looks like both the Indian and Pakistani citizenship acts have been drafted by the same person--probably because it is just some tweaking of the relevant British laws.
3) Apparently, Pakistan only allows dual nationality with 19 countries and India is definitely not one of them.
Under normal circumstances, the child would have been able to obtain a NICOP for Pakistan and OCI for India which would have granted him/her all the rights of a citizen except voting. Unfortunately, neither of the two countries will grant this when the applicant has any ties with the other. India won't even grant an OCI to a child who has never held citizenship of Pakistan if any of his grandparents were ever Pakistani.
4) So the child won't be able to chose whether he or she wishes to obtain Indian or Pakistani citizenship when he turns 21 if he/she gets a Pakistani passport? Is the same true for Pakistan? What happens if he/she gets a Pakistani passport before 21 and then decides to renounce it in favour of an Indian passport within the six months?
5) I know people who have been born in India and subsequently obtained Pakistani citizenship while being under 21 who required (and still require) Indian visas to enter. I also know people who have done the opposite. It seems that in practice, if you are an Indian you cannot be a Pakistani at the same time.
Which citizenship would give the child an easier time to switch the other if and when he/she decides to do so?
7A. (1) The Central Government may, subject to such conditions, restrictions and manner as may be prescribed, on an application made in this behalf, register as an Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder— (a) any person of full age and capacity,— (i) who is a citizen of another country, but was a citizen of India at the time of, or at any time after the commencement of the Constitution; or (ii) who is a citizen of another country, but was eligible to become a citizen of India at the time of the commencement of the Constitution; or (iii) who is a citizen of another country, but belonged to a territory that became part of India after the 15th day of August,1947; or (iv) who is a child or a grandchild or a great grandchild of such a citizen; or (b) a person, who is a minor child of a person mentioned in clause (a); or (c) a person, who is a minor child, and whose both parents are citizens of India or one of the parents is a citizen of India; or (d) spouse of foreign origin of a citizen of India or spouse of foreign origin of an Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder registered under section 7A and whose marriage has been registered and subsisted for a continuous period of not less than two years immediately preceding the presentation of the application under this section: Provided that for the eligibility for registration as an Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder, such spouse shall be subjected to prior security clearance by a competent authority in India: Provided further that no person, who or either of whose parents or grandparents or great grandparents is or had been a citizen of Pakistan, Bangladesh or such other country as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify, shall be eligible for registration as an Overseas Citizen of India Cardholder under this sub-section
Edit: Would the following setup work? 1) Get an Indian passport 2) Apply for a Pakistan CRC (child ID card)--the Pakistani mother's ID is all that is needed to apply for it. 3) Apply for a Pakistan visa
In essence the child will be using a visa to travel into Pakistan where he will exercise the rights of a citizen. This way neither country will know he has documents from the other.