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I was born in the US before 1983 and my mother was born and raised in the UK. I've never lived in the UK. Do I qualify for a UK passport\citizenship?

Even if I do, would I be able to live anywhere in the EU, since the UK is part of the EU? What about Brexit? Thank you all.

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Do I qualify for a UK passport\citizenship?

See Apply for citizenship if you have a British parent/You were born before 1983. Since you did not mention your father, I presume he was not British. This would mean that you are not automatically a British citizen, but you can apply:

If you’re not automatically a citizen

You may be eligible to apply for citizenship if either:

  • your parents were not married when you were born
  • your mother was British, not your father

The second is true, so you may be eligible.

Your mother or father must have been a citizen of the United Kingdom and Colonies when you were born. They must also have been one of the following:

  • born or adopted in the UK
  • given citizenship after applying for it in their own right (not based on having a British parent)
  • working as a Crown servant when you were born (for example in the diplomatic service, overseas civil service or armed forces)

The first is true, so you meet this requirement as well.

You must also be of ‘good character’ - read the guidance when you fill in the application form.

There is a link to apply online if your mother was British.

Even if I do, would I be able to live anywhere in the EU, since the UK is part of the EU?

Yes, under certain conditions. To stay longer than three months, the host country can require you to register, and they can require you to be in one of the following categories:

  • working (including self employed)
  • studying
  • self-sufficient

This is laid out in directive 2004/38/EC, the freedom of movement directive. There are many questions on this site about that.

What about Brexit?

After Brexit, nobody knows, but there will probably be a system to allow British citizens living in the EU at that point to remain without too much burden. It seems likely, however, that British citizens newly moving to the EU after Brexit would face a situation substantially similar to that faced by US citizens moving to the EU.

  • Additional point about Brexit: I believe that the current plan is that British citizens currently living in an EU/EFTA country will be able to continue living in their current country, but will have no right to move to another EU/EFTA country. If you are (eg) a musician or a self-employed specialist with clients spread over a large area, this could be disastrous. – Martin Bonner supports Monica Nov 2 '18 at 13:30
  • @MartinBonner my understanding is that there's no current plan, but rather an assumption of a plan. The UK has (if I understand correctly) passed its "settled scheme" into law, but I'm unaware of any similar acts on the EU side. Do you know of any source that discusses concrete actions the EU has taken in this regard, specific commitments it has made, or even proposals it has discussed? – phoog Nov 2 '18 at 13:55
  • I thought what I described was the implication of the agreement-in-principle between the UK and EU27. Nothing has been written into local laws yet. – Martin Bonner supports Monica Nov 2 '18 at 14:27
  • @MartinBonner Are you referring to the March draft agreement? I was only vaguely familiar with it; thanks for making me aware of it. Still, there is a report from July that underscores the fact that "nothing is agreed until everything is agreed." – phoog Nov 2 '18 at 14:42
  • Yes, that's the one. "nothing is agreed until everything is agreed" is why I said "current plan", rather than "what will happen is". – Martin Bonner supports Monica Nov 2 '18 at 14:53

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