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From this source:

If you leave the United States for more than five months and are not able to remain enrolled at your U.S., SEVP-certified school, you will not be able to maintain your student status. To resume your studies in the United States, you will need to seek readmission in initial status, which includes obtaining a new Form I-20 and paying the I-901 SEVIS fee again. To seek readmission, please speak with your designated school official.

Does it mean that if I (a grad student on F1) am absent from the US for, say, 10 months (studying abroad as an exchange student) and if I'm enrolled in 8 credit hours (which is, I believe, the minimal number of credit hours for graduate students to maintain their F1 status), then I can re-enter the US on the same F1 visa that I had before leaving the US (provided it remains valid)? Or does the above mean that regardless of anything, if I'm absent for more than 5 months, then I'm automatically not maintaining my F1 status and I need to apply for a new F1 visa with a new I-20 after the exchange program is over?

Also, can I enter the US during the above-mentioned hypothetical 10-month period on the same F1 visa that I had before leaving the US (if it's valid)?

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    I'm voting to close this question as off-topic because it belongs on academia.stackexchange.com – BlueDogRanch Jul 22 '19 at 1:37
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    There is even no tag "f1-visa" on academia.stackexchange, and it seems to me that the flavor of questions there is different from mine. I believe the present question is related to law, not academic etiquette/research/ethics/etc. – user77409 Jul 22 '19 at 1:41
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    @BlueDogRanch this question belongs at Expatriates rather more than Academia. But it's not really off topic here as far as I can see. – phoog Jul 22 '19 at 3:25
  • @phoog true; there are lots of related answers on the other sites, not that that negates the Q here. – BlueDogRanch Jul 22 '19 at 3:55
  • This doesn't seem to be on-topic here anyway, since it's a question of administrative procedures and permission thence conferred, not the law or a legal process and (implicit or explicit) rights. – Nij Jul 22 '19 at 4:26
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I think you misstate the contents of the DHS page.

The DHS webpage you cite presents 2 actions that, if both occur, cause loss of student status. The two actions are: more than 5 months outside the US, and not remaining enrolled in the SEVP-certified school in the US.

Thus, if you leave the US for 10 months to go overseas to study, the deciding factor will be whether you remain enrolled in the SEVP-certified school while you're overseas. If you remain enrolled, your F1 visa should be safe. If you'll not be enrolled in the SEVP-certified school while you're overseas, you will lose your student status and need to seek readmission.

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