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I have Aufenthaltserlaubnis and because of some personal reasons, I have stayed outside Germany (and EU) for more than 160 days. 

I would like to enquire how many days I can stay out of Germany, in my visa category? Is it 180 days in a year (with multiple entries) or 6 months on a stretch, once you leave Germany?  

This year, I have already stayed 160 days in total in my home country (outside EU), with multiple entries. So, do I need to enter Germany before 179th day? Or since I came to my home country on 20th August 2019, so I can stay for 6 months.

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If you are out of Germany at a stretch for more than 180 days, your card becomes invalid i.e(180days+1day) or if you de-register from Germany your card becomes invalid immediately. This is what I have been told. And with EU blue card its one year.

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  • this is not true in cases (as with @Anony) where the residence permit is issued based the spouses permit. In the case a BlueCard. See expatriates.stackexchange.com/questions/19213/… and expatriates.stackexchange.com/questions/19226/… – Mark Johnson Sep 25 '19 at 8:48
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    Also note, that the 180 day period can be extended if reported beforhand. See my original answer. – Mark Johnson Sep 25 '19 at 9:09
  • I agree if the foreign office is informed beforehand and you get a letter from them then longer absence is allowed and your permit stays valid. – Anony Sep 25 '19 at 9:29
  • I would suggest you upvote my answer and delete yours that is partially based on mine. – Mark Johnson Sep 25 '19 at 9:32
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Not knowing what type of residence permit you have, hard to say.

You should inform the issuing authority of your intention of leaving for a longer period beforehand.

Based on the specific situation, leave can be granted for a longer period than 6 months.

If you have given your work and flat and deregistered, the residence permit becomes invalid upon exit.

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