I hear cases like Greece and Italy, that it takes even years for the passport to get issued, after one applies for it.

Assuming one has fulfilled all the requirements to obtain a German citizenship, how long does it take for the passport to get issued?

Wikipedia says it takes four to six weeks to process, but does it really take that long?

  • How is this about expatriation?
    – fkraiem
    Commented Dec 13, 2019 at 14:48
  • @fkraiem It's literally on the bullet points on the on topic help page
    – Snow
    Commented Dec 13, 2019 at 14:53
  • 1
    I do not see anything about passport applications there. If you are, for example, a German citizen living outside Germany and applying for a German passport from there, then you should state so in the question (and say where you are applying from)
    – fkraiem
    Commented Dec 13, 2019 at 14:56
  • 1
    @Snow I understand "nationality programs" to refer to naturalization and other means of acquiring a country's nationality, not to administrative details such as passport issue. Your question is probably on topic at Travel, but unless you live outside of Germany and say so in the question, it's not on topic here. (Also, the "years" to get the passport in other countries, as far as I've heard of it, refers to the administrative evaluation of the applicant's citizenship, that is, deciding whether they are in fact entitled; I don't think it applies to renewals or simple first applications.)
    – phoog
    Commented Dec 13, 2019 at 19:17
  • 1
    In other words you want to apply for German Nationality? If so, you should reword your question. Or better still, ask a new question with the correct terminology. Commented Dec 13, 2019 at 23:38

2 Answers 2


How long the Nationalzation process takes, varies greatly depending on your personal situation.

In general 6 months can be assumed, after which a Einbürgerungszusicherung (assurance of naturalization) will be issued.

In most cases you are then required to relinquish your previous citizenship, which must be completed before the Nationalzation takes place.

Note: Country's that do not allow their citizens to relinquish their citizenship or cause severe disadvantages are known and exceptions are made in these cases.

Otherwise for other countries this process can be very simple, others very time consuming and/or expensive

Assume that you may be Stateless, since some countries revoke it immediately but confirm it only after it goes through their due process.

Should the process take longer than 6 months, assume that the conditions for Nationalzation will be rechecked, which again can take a few months.

After some form of Loss of Nationality Certificate has been issued, a Einbürgerungsurkunde will be handed out.

After the Nationalzation process has ended (you have received a Einbürgerungsurkunde), you must bring the original togeather with a certified translated version of your birth certificate to the Meldebehörde (Registration Office). You should also take some (3-5) photocopies of the Einbürgerungsurkunde with you.

There the change of citizenship will then be ammended to your record. Any photocopies will then be certified.

You may be required to do the same with the Standesamt depending on which state you live in.

After this the original Einbürgerungsurkunde (and the birth certificate) should not be asked for again, since a certified copy should be sufficient.

Otherwise a certified copy of the Einbürgerungsurkunde should be given to any official authorities that know you as a foreigner

  • Ausländerbehörde, Job Center (Work Permit) and your present employer

so that they can 'close' their record of you as a foreigner.

For anyone else, the Identity card should be sufficient.

Once the Meldebehörde has changed your record, you can apply for an Identity Card and/or Passport.

Wikipedia says it takes four to six weeks to process, but does it really take that long?

Yes, since they are, just as driver's licenses, printed in the Bundesdruckerei.

See another answer for more details.


  • There should be much more exceptions from the rule of cancelling the previous citizenship, rather than just " Country's that do not allow their citizens to relinquish their citizenship". For example, old people, political refugees, etc. Also, one is allowed to retain his/her previous citizenship if losing it will lead to high economical or financial losses for him/her and so on. Commented Oct 2, 2020 at 9:33
  • @AndreySapegin The question is about how long the process takes, not about all the rules and exceptions in detail. Commented Oct 2, 2020 at 9:54

It depends on a case-by-case basis.

Source 1:

How long it takes all in all from the time you apply to the presentation of the certificate varies from case to case. In many cases it can take several months. The best thing is to talk with your local naturalisation authority.

Source 2:

Normal Process: 6 months – 27 months

Source 3:

Once your application has been considered, the citizenship authority will send you the outcome via post. This can take anywhere between a few weeks and several months.

Source 4:

The processing time for your citizenship application depends on your personal circumstances and the workload of your local naturalisation authority. Your local office will be able to give you an idea of processing time when you submit your application or at your advice session if you have one.

All in all, hope for your local Einbürgerungsamt to be in a good mood and not too busy.

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