I am an Indian citizen, I obtained PhD in the US. I work in a industry job relevant to my expertise, I have been with my current employer for ~2 years and I current have an industrial (non-exempt) H1-B for about 6 months now. I just got a research job at an university which starts late summer. I would like to know what my VISA options are going forward. Assume that I am qualified for O-1 status: good citation profile + awards + expertise demonstration etc in my field.
I have read on the internet that O1 or an academic (cap-exempt) H1 is a possibility. I would love to hear from people who have done either. More specifically:
Should I apply for an O1 or an academic H1 in order to transition? How long does either take, given that I would want to start my academic job mid-summer? A pro/con list would also be great!
Do universities generally help in the transition process or is it something that I have to do independently?
How long do I get after I "quit" current job? I haven't disclosed anything to my current employer since this is very recent. But given that I have 3-4 months at most to start my next job, I am trying to this what a decent timeline would be for leaving my current job - applying for VISA etc.