This is my first post in this community.

I am an ordinary Indian passport holder, I am in Dublin, doing full-time Ph.D. studies since October 2018 on a stamp 2 student visa. http://www.inis.gov.ie/en/inis/pages/registration-stamps

My wife joined me in Dublin last year January, as an immediate dependent family member with me and she has given me a stamp 2A visa. She holds a Bangladeshi passport.

A baby is expected to be born in September in Dublin. What passport we should apply for, for the baby? Indian/Bangladeshi/Irish?


  • 1
    You can probably rule out Irish dfa.ie/citizenship/born-in-ireland
    – Traveller
    Mar 23, 2021 at 8:48
  • irishimmigration.ie/citizenship/…
    – Myshkin
    Mar 23, 2021 at 22:26
  • 1
    One of the parents must have been legally resident on the island of Ireland (including Northern Ireland) for 3-out-of-4 years immediately before the birth. If the baby arrives in September 2021, residence of a parent since October 2018 does not qualify AFAIK
    – Traveller
    Mar 24, 2021 at 9:41

1 Answer 1


We need to consider each citizenship separately.

  • Whether the child has Irish citizenship: No. For a child born on the island of Ireland after 2005 to have Irish citizenship at birth (assuming that the child is not otherwise stateless), at least one parent must:

    • be an Irish or British citizen
    • had the right to live in the Republic of Ireland or Northern Ireland without time limit
    • or have been resident in Ireland (not including in student status) for 3 of the 4 years before the child's birth

    Since in this case you guys were on student status, I don't think you qualify.

  • Whether the child has Bangladeshi citizenship: According to section 5 of Bangladesh's Citizenship Act, the child is automatically a Bangladeshi citizen by descent at birth if your wife is a Bangladeshi citizen otherwise by descent, without needing the child to be registered. If your wife is a Bangladeshi citizen by descent, then the child must be registered at a Bangladeshi consulate in order to be a Bangladeshi citizen. According to section 14, if the child still has dual citizenship at age 21, they will automatically lose Bangladeshi citizenship.

  • Whether the child has Indian citizenship: According to section 4 of India's Citizenship Act, the child is an Indian citizen by descent if registered at an Indian consulate within 1 year of birth, with the declaration that the child does not hold a foreign passport. (Note: it doesn't matter if the child holds foreign citizenship, only that they don't hold a foreign passport.) According to subsection (1A), the child will automatically lose Indian citizenship if they do not renounce their other citizenships within 6 months of full age.

  • Thanks very much for such a concrete precise answer and for clearing all the doubts.
    – Myshkin
    Mar 29, 2021 at 11:35

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