Will it be possible to renew the blue card from Switzerland?
No. It's not possible to reside or work in Switzerland using the German Blue card either.
Is there is alternative to the blue card in Switzerland?
Switzerland does issue residence permits for work purposes to third-country (non-EU) citizens. I don't recall the details of the rules but I think they are quite restrictive.
Anyhow, there is no alternative: To work in Switerland, you need a Swiss work and residence permit (L, B, or C permit). If you want to move there for work, you need to secure one and any (prospective) employer would be aware of it too.
(i.e. other than Schengen visa for non-EU to allow you to travel and work anywhere in EU without a visa)
That part is very confusing. There is no visa that allow you to work anywhere in the EU. What's most properly called a “Schengen visa” is a Schengen short-stay visa (type C or “uniform visa”). It's valid in all Schengen countries but it does not in and of itself give you the permission to work anywhere, not even in the country that issued it.