A friend of mine currently lives in Germany on a PhD student residence permit, which expires on March 31st, 2024. The friend had a falling out with their project; as a result, while they still keep their student status, it will not be renewed.

Is their residence permit still supposed to be valid? If the student leaves Germany (and Europe) for important family-related stuff for a week in February, will they be allowed to return to Germany despite their residence permit will be close to expiring by then?

  • Have they informed German immigration about the dropout Commented Jan 8 at 13:53
  • 2
    If the reason to issue the residence permit becomes invalid, your permit expires after 3 months (from the date of the end of contract or student status), so your friend might be overstaying already.
    – Dr. Snoopy
    Commented Jan 8 at 22:16
  • We went over this with the friend, and the added context changes the question, probably putting it in the realm of speculation. Should I close it now?
    – user20152
    Commented Jan 15 at 14:52

1 Answer 1


While the residence permit is still valid, leaving and re-entering the country is possible, though it is of course risky (and questionable from the point of view of staying in the country) to travel close to the expiration date of the residence permit.

The way forward is to apply for a job-seeker visa for a person with a university degree and ask the Ausländerbehörde for a Fiktionsbescheinigung while the residence permit is still valid (since getting the visa proper may take a while).

Depending on the kind of Fiktionsbescheinigung, it may be possible to leave and re-enter Germany with it. This is explained on Service-Portal Berlin, although the applicant will likely need to go to a different Ausländerbehörde depending on their place of residence.

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