I don't think you will find this information neatly organized in an app or a database but there are other, less geeky, resources that might help.
There is often a local expats' web forum where people trade brand names or addresses. I also know of one or two books explaining things like the local cuts of meat, where you can find some foodstuff, etc. in my current country so something like that might also be available where you live.
One example from Europe would be thelocal.com. It's a newspaper that branched out in several countries and now offers online news and a forum for English-speaking expats. To find something similar, I would first look for something like “Francophones à Boston” or “Français du Massachusetts” on Google and start from there.
It's more expensive and cumbersome but another resource I found useful are cookbooks, both local books with some explanations on ingredients (there is even a book from Australia called Ingredients which has been translated into several languages) and books about the cuisine from your own culture (with explanations intended for the locals about the products you are already familiar with, including suggestions for substitution).
Finally, for drugs, looking up the name you know on Google or Wikipedia to find out the name of the molecule then opening the relevant article on the English-language version of Wikipedia usually works.