I would be very careful with that. There might be a loophole but it does not necessarily offer a strong protection against the loss of your Dutch citizenship. This particular part of the law is clearly intended for people who acquire some unrelated citizenship during their life (especially if they are Dutch citizens by birth) and does not deal with the requirements for naturalisation. As you note yourself, why force people to give up their nationalities during the naturalisation process if they can just get it back later on? The simple answer is that they are not supposed to get it back later on!
Incidentally, note that even if it would work, it's not trivial to meet all the conditions. You must come from a country that allows you to renounce your citizenship yet lets you regain it easily (I can think of a few but that's not a general rule). You must also be willing and able to switch residence for long enough to do that after living for many years in the Netherlands (to qualify for naturalisation in the first place). From your other questions I gather that you are a student and it might not seem like a big deal to young people but for someone with a job and a family, that would be more difficult to organise!
So if the intent really was to exempt applicants from the requirement to renounce other citizenships if they were born outside of the country or married to a foreign national, it could be done in a much more direct way and I would expect these exemptions to be explicitly listed in the relevant part of the law and on the page about becoming Dutch. Since they are not, it's not safe to assume that this rule would protect you.
Do realise that losing Dutch citizenship because you acquired another one and cancelling a naturalisation are not exactly the same thing. Legally speaking, the law summarised on this webpage is not the source of your obligation to renounce any previous citizenship and the dispositions that do apply to you have more stringent restrictions.
Specifically, article 9 of the Rijkswet op het Nederlanderschap (RWN) provides that an application to become Dutch should be rejected if “the applicant who possesses another citizenship does not do everything possible to lose that citizenship or is not ready to do everything possible once the naturalisation is effective […]”
So your obligation is not merely submitting documentation or effectively giving up your previous citizenship (for some people that's not possible) but doing everything you can to that end. Reapplying for your previous citizenship could suggest intent not to respect that obligation and might therefore conceivably be used to consider your application void or even fraudulent.
And if you fail to submit adequate proof of your attempt to get rid of any previous citizenship, the consequence is not the loss of Dutch citizenship under article 15, point 1.a of the RWN but a withdrawal (intrekking) of the original decision under article 15, point 1.d, a distinct procedure.
The exception to the loss of Dutch citizenship for people who are born in a foreign country and acquire that country's citizenship while living there is defined in article 15, point 2.a and explicitly refers to article 15, point 1.a (i.e. it is not an exception to article 15, point 1.d).
In practice, I am not sure the Dutch IND has any authority to cancel a naturalisation once you have submitted proof that you tried to renounce your citizenship and they accepted it but I would still consider it a risk (IIRC, it did happen to thousands of Turkish citizens in Germany in the 1990s but that's not directly relevant, legally speaking).
Given the fact that the general trend in the Netherlands is to make the rules on dual citizenship increasingly restrictive (unlike Germany, incidentally), it's also entirely possible that a new law would close the loophole later on or give the IND more extensive authority to cancel your Dutch citizenship in cases like that. As @phoog pointed out in a comment, you would probably get another opportunity to choose between the Dutch citizenship and the other one but that's not guaranteed.
So, it might work, at least for some time, but if that's important to you, talk to a lawyer before putting all the effort you invested into becoming Dutch in jeopardy.