This seems to be rather difficult and only possible in certain cases. For more information on home schooling in the Netherlands, you should have a look at this article by the Netherlands Home Education Association (all quotes below are from this article).
The basic principle is:
In principle, every child that resides in The Netherlands is subject to compulsory school attendance for his education from his fifth birthday on. This means that s/he must:
a. be enrolled at a government approved school;
b. attend this school whenever it is open, barring certain circumstances such as illness.
There is the possibility of home schooling, although it is quite difficult to get permission for it:
[..] exempts parents from registering their child at a school if they object to the orientation (richting) of the education given by all schools located within a reasonable distance from their home (from around 6 km for primary schools to around 20 km for secondary schools, depending on the child’s age).
[..] richting stands for the religious or life-philosophical orientation on which the school has been founded.
[..] However, expressing objections against educational methods or the legal set-up of schools does not qualify for exemption.
So it seems that only if you don't find a school whit an orientation you identify with, then you might be allowed to teach your kids at home. I encourage you to read the whole article, as it has a lot of informations on this topic.