My wife applied for EEA family permit for coming to join me in UK.

She is from India and I also lived in India before coming to UK. I acquired my Portuguese nationality and then came to UK in July 2015.

We are married to each other since December 2014 but we were in a relationship since December 2013.

We provided every evidence to support her application except the conversation medium which we used after I arrived in UK.

This is what the refusal letter says :

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Now for reason 1 I understand that we did not provide sufficient evidence, so next time I am going to put every thing from our chat history in Skype, Whatsapp, Viber and phone logs.

But I do not understand how to justify or provide evidence for the second reason.

Can someone please advice?

Also, we got the refusal last week and I am thinking to reapply in next instead of going for appeal as this takes much more time to process. Do you know if there any specific time limit under which I cannot make a new visa application if I am already refused visa.

  • 3
    This is scandalous. The ECO must have evidence that yours is a marriage of convenience; the absence of evidence is not sufficient. I will try to find some support for this; it's been a while since I've seen this stuff so maybe it's changed, but I think not. As to the second reason, it is only relevant because they have to consider whether you qualify for an exceptional approval in light of the refusal outlined in the first paragraph. If you satisfy the first paragraph, the second falls away.
    – phoog
    Commented Nov 16, 2015 at 5:50
  • This is Home Office "hostile environment" policy at work. Any excuse to deny, then "accidentally" send letters claiming that there is no right of appeal or threatening deportation.
    – user
    Commented Sep 21, 2017 at 9:13

3 Answers 3


I would be inclined to appeal, though I say that without enough awareness of the associated costs, so I can't actually recommend one way or the other whether you should appeal or reapply.

The refusal strikes me as scandalous. Consider the guidance for evaluating your application under which the entry clearance operator was working (emphasis added):

EUN2.10 What if I suspect a marriage / civil partnership of convenience?

The definition of ‘spouse’ and ‘civil partner’ in the EEA Regulations does not include someone who has entered into a marriage / civil partnership of convenience.

When a marriage / civil partnership of convenience is suspected, the burden of proof is high and rests with the ECO. However, in these cases the ECO is entitled to interview the applicant. Factors to consider include:

  • an adverse immigration history;
  • doubts about the validity of documentation;
  • application follows soon after the marriage / civil partnership;
  • no previous evidence of the relationship.

The ECO should not consider the following cases as marriages / civil partnerships of convenience where:

  • there is a child of the relationship;
  • there is evidence to suggest cohabitation.

Source: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/eea-family-permits-eun02/eea-family-permit-eun02#eun210-what-if-i-suspect-a-marriage--civil-partnership-of-convenience

The key phrase here is the burden of proof is high and rests with the ECO. In fact, the ECO has responded as if the burden of proof were on you ("reasonable to expect ... no evidence provided to demonstrate").

The fact that your application came a few months after your marriage is, I suppose, sufficient to invoke the third "factor to consider," but the ECO should have made some effort to develop evidence to satisfy his or her burden of proof, and did not.

Have the two of you ever lived together? If so, and if either you reapply or your appeal raises the question of additional evidence, I would skip the chat histories and phone logs, and instead rely on the last bullet point, which should be much easier and quicker to show. In addition, it will be a more reliable defense against any suggestion that yours is a marriage of convenience.

For an EU perspective on the question, see https://eumovement.wordpress.com/2014/10/16/eu-free-movement-handbook-on-alleged-marriages-of-convenience/. A selection (emphasis removed):

Burden of proof is on the national authorities to prove abuse

Married couples cannot be obliged or required, as a rule, to present evidence that their marriage is not abusive.

EU citizens and their family members enjoy the benefit of assumption, meaning that they do not need to provide evidence that their marriage is genuine. To require this would go beyond the requirement to present proof that their marriage is valid.

This reflects the principle of law that the person who lays charges has to prove the charges (‘semper necessitas probandi incumbit ei qui agit‘).

The burden of proof clearly rests on the national authorities who suspect that a non-EU national has entered into a marriage of convenience with an EU citizen for the sole purpose of being granted an EU right to free movement to prove that the marriage is of convenience.

Here is a story of a successful appeal, in which the court awarded the cost of the appeal to the appellant: http://www.immigrationboards.com/eea-route-applications/won-vs-marriage-of-convenience-details-inside-now-t124572.html. A selection:

Applied in June for EEA family permit.

Rejected - marriage of convenience

Appealed and Reapplied

2nd application Rejected in July - same reason with very aggressive and bad wording

Today i got Letter from HM court and Tribunal

They decided in my favor and gave my 80 Euro back

If you read down a bit, you can see the (very poorly scanned) text of the appeal decision. That makes it clear that the ECO has a burden to prove a reasonable suspicion that the marriage is one of convenience, at which point the burden shifts to the visa application to prove that it is not. I do not know whether the amount of time between your marriage and the application is sufficient evidence of reasonable suspicion.

  • We have lived together and I have made a re-application. This time I have asked my wife to submit my mobile phone logs and other IM logs. But also, I have provided train tickets with my name and my wife's name which we used for travelling 5 times together after our marriage. Hope that should be sufficient evidence.
    – Abubakkar
    Commented Nov 16, 2015 at 10:16
  • My wife has my name endorsed in her Indian passport under "Spouse name", can we use it as proof of cohabitation or genuine marriage amongst other proofs?
    – Abubakkar
    Commented Nov 16, 2015 at 14:51
  • I suspect that the endorsement may be helpful, and that it will not hurt. If you are lucky, our prolific fellow traveler Gayot Fow will chime in. He has a much better sense of how these things work and, it seems, of how to navigate the system successfully. He would also have a better sense of the likely success of an appeal.
    – phoog
    Commented Nov 16, 2015 at 19:43
  • Thanks for the quick reply @phoog, we decided to re-apply
    – Abubakkar
    Commented Nov 17, 2015 at 11:24
  • 2
    we reapplied and got the visa, I posted some details as an answer
    – Abubakkar
    Commented Dec 14, 2015 at 15:52

We reapplied for EEA Family permit and my wife got the visa this time in 20 days approximately.

I followed the guidelines from above answers by @gnasher729 and @phoog.

I reapplied for my wife using our previous documents and this time I submitted more documents to prove our communication.

I took screenshots from my mobile phone from applications that we used to communicate with (e.g. whatsapp, skype, viber, etc.) showing different dates in such a way that I had 2 screenshots from each calendar month since our marriage.

We also provided phone call logs from my mobile phone operator since my arrival in UK and highlighted my wife's number, call date and duration with a highlighter pen.

We also added train tickets that we used during our journeys while in India.


An appeal only helps if a mistake was being made in the decision. For example, if they said "we have no evidence for X" when you actually gave them evidence for X, but they lost it. That doesn't seem to be the case here, so an appeal would be useless. Much more promising to supply evidence of contact, like email history, skype history, huge phone bill, and so on, and to apply again with the added evidence.

Then they tell you: "We didn't accept your application because we didn't have evidence of family. We also considered if there were exceptional circumstances where you should have accepted your application even without this evidence, and there weren't any". It's most likely that there are no exceptional circumstances in your case, because exceptional circumstances are exceptional. (Say you never talked to your wife because you were in hospital with a coma for 12 months, that would surely be exceptional). But you don't need this, just the evidence of contact with your wife.

You can apply as often as you like. They told you that you left out evidence that they wanted to see, so you apply again with that evidence added. Then they might find something else that's wrong, so you correct that and try again. A rejected application isn't held against you.

  • 2
    In fact, the ECO should suspect a marriage of convenience only if there is positive evidence pointing in that direction. Absence of evidence of communication does not count. I think this ought to be appealable.
    – phoog
    Commented Nov 16, 2015 at 5:52
  • We have lived together and I have made a re-application. This time I have asked my wife to submit my mobile phone logs and other IM logs. But also, I have provided train tickets with my name and my wife's name which we used for travelling 5 times together after our marriage. Hope that should be sufficient evidence.
    – Abubakkar
    Commented Nov 16, 2015 at 10:16
  • 1
    Well, if they say "evidence X is missing", and you can supply evidence X, that would be a very, very good argument. If they say "evidence X is missing", and you appeal saying "it shouldn't matter that evidence X is missing", that is a much, much weaker argument. Plus it is more expensive and takes longer.
    – gnasher729
    Commented Nov 16, 2015 at 21:53
  • @phoog: Reading the decision that you linked to in your answer, the man reapplied with additional evidence. I can't see that he appealed the original decision. It's quite possible that you would get a refund for the failed application, depending on circumstances.
    – gnasher729
    Commented Nov 16, 2015 at 22:04
  • @gnasher729 thanks for your help, we decided to re-apply.
    – Abubakkar
    Commented Nov 17, 2015 at 11:24

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