I have recently been accepted as a postdoc fellow in an American university. I have heard rumors that I might have to come back to my own country after finishing my research with the J-1 visa I'm about to receive. I will be funded by that private university but they receive their research funding from the government. I am not currently on the 'country skill list'.
So, can I request any other type of Visa or is there a way to know that I will be subject to the 2 year return rule?
Here is the "Two-Year Home Residency Requirement":
1) If the J-1 receives funding from the U.S. government, home government or an international organization to use for the J-1 program.
2) If the J-1 worked or studied in a field that appears on the "skills list." This is a list of fields of specialized knowledge and skills that are needed in the J-1's country of last permanent residence for its development. Canada, Australia and Germany are examples of countries that are not on the list. China, India and South Korea are examples of countries that have many skills on the list.
3) If the J-1 participated in a graduate medical training program in the United States under the sponsorship of the Educational Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates.