Nettoloon is indeed your net salary and more-or-less the amount of money that will be transferred to your bank account.
Assuming your wages haven't been garnished to cover some debt and depending on the applicable collective bargaining agreement (CAO), what can still come in-between includes:
Health insurance premiums, if you are using your employer's collective contract and they are collected directly from your salary (otherwise you'll have to pay that directly to your insurer). Note that insurance premium do not cover the entirety of the healthcare system's costs; besides copayment and deductibles, some of the money also comes from tax-like mandatory contribution marked as WG.HEFF.ZVW (for "werkgeversheffing zorgverzekeringswet").
Small contributions to things like coffee machines.
Commute costs contribution (tegemoetkoming reiskosten woon-werkverkeer) paid to you tax-free by your employer.
Reimbursment for travel costs and the like, also paid tax-free.
Without getting into the details (as I am not 100% sure about some items), the rest of the things mentioned on your salary slip are taxes and mandatory contributions (e.g. to the statutory old-age and invalidity pension systems). Everything with the word TOESL. (for toeslag) is a bonus (and especially calculations related to the "holiday bonus" usually paid in May). ARBEIDSKORT. presumably stands for arbeidskorting, a tax credit.