While in France, I got to watch a lot of cool TV: sports, documentaries, talk shows, etc. through my smart TV and SFR internet provider. I know that certain programming is geographically limited, but is there a way for me to watch French (internet) TV from my internet connection in the US? I miss watching the European cycling classics, as well as some old French TV series.
The answer will be different for different kinds of content.
YouTube has a ton of good stuff. It can be a good place to start, especially for old TV series.
TV channels' own websites or apps have some content available, usually in the catch-up window (or "replay" as it's called in France) i.e. for a limited time following original broadcast. If there's a program you particularly like, you may be able to watch it everytime this way. These sites almost never carry movies.
iTunes and Google Play will carry some movies, though not usually a lot. Netflix used to carry French classics and arthouse movies online, but last time I checked they didn't have any of that available anymore.
Sports, particularly live or close-to-live sports, are the hardest to come by. The rights to broadcast them in the US are typically sold to a US broadcaster such as a cable sports channel or a pay per view operator. Whereas you can get other forms of content online, for sports, based on what you like to watch you may have to pay a cable or satellite TV subscription and maybe an additional package on top of that. It depends on the sport, so you should research your own...
There's TV5 Monde which is part of some "international" cable packages but it's a very limited selection of content.
Finally I've heard some people use torrent sites and VPNs to get around restrictions. I'm not that motivated to watch TV, so haven't tried...
Chances are you'll be watching a lot of content that's only available online so I'd advise a setup that lets you watch on your TV from the internet. Personally I use a Chromecast for this.
I rely on Film On to see most of my European channels. SD watching is free, you pay for HD quality.
The site is http://www.filmon.com for browser streaming, and they have got a pretty good and free app for multiple platforms, from iOS, Android, LG TV, OS/X, Windows, Roku, xbox, Apple TV. Pretty amazing. app
They are pretty organised, and have groups of popular channels of different nationalities. They also have some groups based on interests.
For French TV, they have got Arte, BFM, France 3, RTS, M6, TV5, and France 2.
SD quality is normally enough for my needs.
I also when abroad have the option of doing a VPN for my country, and watching TV either with my account or my parents account using the software TV of the cable package we are paying.
Needless to say, Film On is more convenient to use, and faster without needing a VPN.