The process is that you apply for a D-Visa at the consulate with all needed documentation
position with salary
This data will then be sent by the consulate to the local authority in Germany and decided there.
They will make the decision on what type of residence permit will be issued after arrival based on the most ...
Yes, that is correct.
Since 2020-01-01, the former Berliner Ausländerbehörde is called Landesamt für Einwanderung. It often takes time for such name changes to be used consistently and often even longer before many becomes aware or used to the name change.
Since most towns (or county (Kreis)) in Germany have one for their areas of responsiblity, the name ...
I would guess that OP is from Russia. In such cases, the travel passport has names in both Cyrillic and Latin (transliterated). And the passport is also the main ID abroad (e.g., in Germany, however, please see https://expatriates.stackexchange.com/a/21174/13223 for details), which defines the name of the person.
However, Russia changes these transliteration ...