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I am a Canadian-South African dual citizen. My daughter is going to pursue a Master's degree in the US. But since it's her first trip abroad, I want to accompany her for the 2 years duration of the course or at least the 1st year. Since I am a Canadian, I can travel to the US visa free for 6 months, and since I am a South African too, I can apply for a 6 month tourist visa as well. Is it allowed that I use this to accompany her for at least the whole first year of the course by travelling to the US first as a South African citizen and then visa-free as a Canadian citizen?

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    You won't be able to work while you're in the US, even for a foreign employer or foreign clients. How will you justify to US authorities that you can afford to stay in the US (and support yourself and a child in graduate school) for that long without earning any money? Do you have investment income? Savings? A spouse who will support you from abroad?
    – phoog
    Aug 30 '20 at 20:33
  • travel.stackexchange.com/q/10446/4188 even thought it's about 90 day ESTA stays the re-entry unofficial rules are highly relevant.
    – chx
    Aug 30 '20 at 21:35
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    You are one person. Having two passports doesn't change this. Aug 31 '20 at 0:18
  • @phoog I am retired already. I have good savings and there will be enough proof I wouldn't be a burden on the US. Aug 31 '20 at 6:00
  • @chx I think I should have asked this on Travel SE. Now I see that I have unknowingly asked a duplicate question as that one looks so similar. Aug 31 '20 at 6:02
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You can stay in the US for as long as the immigration officer at entry admits you for. You can leave the US and seek to re-enter the US as soon as you want. So, for example, if you were admitted for 6 months as a B2 visitor the first time, you can leave the US, immediately turn around and seek to re-enter, and, if the immigration officer decides to admit you as a B2 visitor for another 6 months, you can stay for another 6 months, and you can potentially do that again in another 6 months. There is no technical rule that the officer cannot do that.

However, if you have stayed for too long too many times recently, there is an increasing chance that the officer will deny you entry as a visitor for failure to overcome the presumption of immigrant intent. For the purposes of that determination, there is no reason why the officer would do it differently based on if you are presenting a Canadian passport or a South African passport, if the officer finds out that you are the same person. If the officer asks about your recent trips to the US, you must answer honestly regardless of which passport you used to travel to the US the last time.

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    I would also note that the officer might grant an initial request to enter for one year, and that it would subsequently be possible to apply to extend in six-month increments. This would be true regardless of whether there traveler entered without a visa using the Canadian passport or with one using the South African one. If James Roberts wants to do that he should understand the issues involved (particularly that he won't be able to work while in the US, even for a foreign employer) or consult with a US immigration lawyer.
    – phoog
    Aug 30 '20 at 20:29

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